A comprehensive review on pharmacologic agents, immunotherapies and supportive therapeutics for COVID-19
Keywords:Drug, viral inhibitor, immunotherapeutic, supportive therapy, nutrition
The emergence of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), has affected many countries throughout the world. As urgency is a necessity, most efforts have focused on identifying small molecule drugs that can be repurposed for use as anti-SARS-CoV-2 agents. Although several drug candidates have been identified using in silico method and in vitro studies, most of these drugs require the support of in vivo data before they can be considered for clinical trials. Several drugs are considered promising therapeutic agents for COVID-19. In addition to the direct-acting antiviral drugs, supportive therapies including traditional Chinese medicine, immunotherapies, immunomodulators, and nutritional therapy could contribute a major role in treating COVID-19 patients. Some of these drugs have already been included in the treatment guidelines, recommendations, and standard operating procedures. In this article, we comprehensively review the approved and potential therapeutic drugs, immune cells-based therapies, immunomodulatory agents/drugs, herbs and plant metabolites, nutritional and dietary for COVID-19.
Copyright (c) 2022 Khan Sharun, Ruchi Tiwari, Mohd I. Yatoo, Senthilkumar Natesan, Dewi Megawati, Muhammad Bilal, Karam P. Singh, Izabela Michalak, Kuldeep Dhama
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.